Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-7

Hepatitis C virus infection among maintenance hemodialysis patients: A preventable problem of the world

Department of Medicine, Chiba University Hospital, and Sanai Memorial Clinic, Chiha, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Kunio Okuda
School of Medicine, Chiba University Hospital, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo- ku, Chiha, 260
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19864834

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, unrelated to blood transfusion is very common among hemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. The positivity rate for anti-HCV varies from 18% to 91% among various countries. It is due not only to the past blood transfusions, but also to nosocomial transmission which is preventable. The main route of virus entry, is most likely, the two (arterial and venous) needle holes that are touched by the fingers of the physi­cian and the nurse repeatedly. The recommended preventive measures include: the use of a sterile glove, finger sterilization with a disinfectant solution, immediately before touching the needle/needle hole. and repeated education of the staff. Whether the anti-HCV positive patients should be separated from the negative, largely depends on the prevalence of HCV infection within the dialysis unit.

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