Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-40

Effect of octreotide on the prevention of hyperamylasemia after ERCP in Saudi Arabia: A prospective study

Department of Surgery, King Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Naif Al Awad
Assistant Professor in Surgery, King Fahd Hospital of the University, P.O. Box 40060, Al Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19864727

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Background and objectives: Acute pancreatitis is a serious complication of ERCP. Octreotide as prophylaxis against ERCP-induced hyperamylasemia has produced conflicting results. A review article has called for additional controlled studies. This work was undertaken to see the effect of octreotide in ERCP-induced enzyme changes in a predominantly Saudi population. Subjects & methods: The setting was a university teaching hospital, Eastern Saudi Arabia. The study was prospective, randomized and controlled and the subjects were 50 consecutive adult in-patients. Octreotide, 200 tg subcutaneous, was used in the study group (27 patients). Levels of serum amylase and lipase were estimated three times post-ERCP; mean values were compared with the control group (23 patients) using student t test. Results: A total of 50 patients were studied. Their mean age was 43 (range 19 to 70); 30 were female, a male:female ratio of 1:1.5. The two groups were comparable in terms of age, sex and nationality as well as clinical, haematological and biochemical variables. In both groups, the serum levels of amylase and lipase 4 hours post-ERCP were significantly higher compared with base line levels. However, there were no statistical differences between the mean post-ERCP values within as well as between the two groups of patient studied. However, the pattern of response appeared to be different when amylase was compared with lipase. Conclusion: Prophylactic octreotide, in the regimen used in this study, does not protect against post-ERCP hyperamylasemia and hyperlipasemia. The observed apparent difference in the pattern of serum amylase and lipase remains to be confirmed.

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