Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-44

The use of 0.2% glyceryl trinirate oinment for anal fissures

Department of Surgery, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Omer El Farouq El Tinay
Department of Surgery, King Khalid University Hospital, P 0 Box 7805. Riyadh 11472
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.33336

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Aim of the study: To assess the clinical efficacy of 0.2% glyceryl trinitrate ointment in the management of acute and chronic anal fissures. Patients and methods: A prospective clinical study conducted on consecutive patients presented to the surgical clinic of King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh with acute and chronic anal fissures, from January to December 2003. These patients were treated with topical 0.2% glyceryl trinitrate paste in soft white paraffin three times a day. Patients were examined at regular intervals to evaluate the fissure status, adverse reactions, symptomatic control and recurrence. Results: This study comprised 121 patients, six of them were lost to follow-up and 109 (94.7%) of the remaining 115 patients were cured. Of those cured, 13 patients (11.3%) presented with acute and 102 (88.7%) with chronic fissures. There were 98 male and 17 female patients with median age of 41 years (range, 14-70 years). Complete symptomatic relief was achieved in all patients within one month of therapy. Two patients, with chronic anal fissures presented with recurrent symptoms within one month of the completion of therapy both of them were successfully treated with repeat glyceryl trinitrate course. Treatment had to be terminated in six (5.2%) patients: five (4.3%) experienced intolerable adverse effects and one (0.8%) patient failed to respond. All these patients were successfully treated with lateral internal sphincterotomy. No patient complained of change in continence. Conclusion: Glyceryl trinitrate ointment produces adequate symptomatic control and healing of the anal fissures and can be considered as one of the recommended treatment options

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