Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 360-365

Which clip? A prospective comparative study of retention rates of endoscopic clips on normal mucosa and ulcers in a porcine model

1 Department of Medicine and Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA
2 Department of Molecular and Comparative Pathobiology, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA

Correspondence Address:
Mouen A Khashab
Director of Therapeutic Endoscopy, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1800 Orleans St, Suite 7125B, Baltimore, MD 21287
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.145328

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Background/Aim: There are currently no data on the relative retention rates of the Instinct clip, Resolution clip, and QuickClip2Long. Also, it is unknown whether retention rate differs when clips are applied to ulcerated rather than normal mucosa. The aim of this study is to compare the retention rates of three commonly used endoscopic clips. Materials and Methods: Six pigs underwent upper endoscopy with placement of one of each of the three types of clips on normal mucosa in the gastric body. Three mucosal resections were also performed to create "ulcers." Each ulcer was closed with placement of one of the three different clips. Repeat endoscopy was performed weekly for up to 4 weeks. Results: Only the Instinct and Resolution clips remained attached for the duration of the study (4 weeks). At each time point, a greater proportion of Instinct clips were retained on normal mucosa, followed by Resolution clips. QuickClip2Long had the lowest retention rate on normal mucosa. Similar retention rates of Instinct clips and Resolution clips were seen on simulated ulcers, although both were superior to QuickClip2Long. However, the difference did not reach statistical significance. All QuickClip2Long clips were dislodged at 4 weeks in both the groups. Conclusions: The Resolution and Instinct clips have comparable retention rates and both appeared to be better than the QuickClip2Long on normal mucosa-simulated ulcers; however this did not reach statistical significance. Both the Resolution clip and the Instinct clip may be preferred in clinical situations when long-term clip attachment is required, including marking of tumors for radiotherapy and anchoring feeding tubes or stents. Either of the currently available clips may be suitable for closure of iatrogenic mucosal defects without features of chronicity.

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