Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 331-336

The LMS and Z scale growth reference for Saudi school-age children and adolescents


1 Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh 11461, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Khaled University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh 11461, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Pediatrics, Al Yamama Hospital, Riyadh 11555, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Pediatrics, Al Habib Medical Group, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 The Children Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mohammad I El Mouzan
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.187608

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Background/Aim: To establish L, M, and S parameters and z score reference for the assessment of nutrition and growth of Saudi school-age children and adolescents. Subjects and Methods: Data from the original cross-sectional study were reanalyzed. The L, M, and S parameters and z scores were calculated for weight, height and body mass index for school-age children and adolescents. Results: A total of 19,299 subjects from 5 to 18 years of age were included. All were Saudi nationals and 9,827 (50.9%) were boys. The L M S parameters and z scores for weight for age, height for age, and BMI for age for boys and girls are presented in detailed tables across the age of commonly used z scores (+3, +2, +1, 0, -1, -2, -3). Graphs corresponding to the same parameters (weight, height, and BMI) showing the main z scores across all ages from 5 to 18 years are illustrated. Conclusion: This report provides the first reference for nutritional status and growth of Saudi school-age children and adolescents. This tool is essential for more accurate assessment of growth and nutrition in various clinical conditions and research.


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