Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 259-267

Is water exchange superior to water immersion for colonoscopy? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Correspondence Address:
Guiqi Wang
Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center/Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS), 17 Panjiayuannanli, Beijing - 100021
People's Republic of China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_52_18

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Background/Aims: Recently, water exchange (WE) instead of water immersion (WI) for colonoscopy has been proposed to decrease pain and improve adenoma detection rate (ADR). This systematic review and meta-analysis is conducted to assess whether WE is superior to WI based on the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Materials and Methods: We searched studies from PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE. Only RCTs were eligible for our study. The pooled risk ratios (RRs), pooled mean difference (MD), and pooled 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by using the fixed-effects model or random-effects model based on heterogeneity. Results: Five RCTs consisting of 2229 colonoscopies were included in this study. WE was associated with a significantly higher ADR than WI (RR = 1.18; CI = 1.05–1.32; P = 0.004), especially in right colon (RR = 1.31; CI = 1.07–1.61; P = 0.01). Compared with WI, WE was confirmed with lower pain score, higher Boston Bowel Preparation Scale score, but more infused water during insertion. There was no statistical difference between WE and WI in cecal intubation rate and the number of patients who had willingness to repeat the examination. Furthermore, both total procedure time and cecal intubation time in WE were significantly longer than that in WI (MD = 2.66; CI = 1.42–3.90; P < 0.0001; vs MD = 4.58; CI = 4.01–5.15; P < 0.0001). Conclusions: This meta-analysis supports the hypothesis that WE is superior to WI in improving ADR, attenuating insertion pain and providing better bowel cleansing, but inferior in time and consumption of infused water consumption during insertion.

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