Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137-143

Comparison of the effect of 1-day and 2-day low residue diets on the quality of bowel preparation before colonoscopy

Department of Gastroenterology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Li Jiao
#139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang, Hebei - 050000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_471_19

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Background/Aim: Low residue diet (LRD) has a similar quality of bowel preparation with clear liquid diet before colonoscopy, but improved patient tolerance. However, the optimal LRD duration is still controversial. In this study, we have compared the effect of a 1-day LRD and 2-day LRD on the quality of bowel preparation and patient tolerance. Patients and Methods: Our prospective, randomized, single-blind trial, single-blind, trial compared two dietary regimens administered the day before colonoscopy. All patients were administered PEG-ES and simethicone for bowel preparation. The primary outcome measure was bowel preparation quality. The secondary outcome measures were insertion time, withdrawal time, polyp detection rate, patient tolerance, and willingness to use the same diet for bowel preparation again. Bowel preparation quality was evaluated using the Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS). Patient tolerance was evaluated using a hunger-comfort scale. Results: There was no significant difference in bowel preparation quality between the 2 groups. The 1-day LRD group had a BBPS score of 6.48 ± 1.59 points, while the 2-day LRD group had a score of 6.42 ± 1.06 points (P > 0.05). The groups reported similar colonoscope insertion times, withdrawal times, polyp detection rates and patient tolerance scores (hunger-comfort scores). The numbers of patients who reported that compliance as easy or very easy were 126 (78.2%) in the 1-day group versus 88 (55.0%) in the 2 day group (P < 0.05) and the numbers who were willing to use the diet again in the future were 154 (95.7%) in the 1-day group versus 131 (81.9%) in the 2 day group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: LRD duration (1 day or 2 days) had no significant effect on bowel preparation quality. Patients in the 1-day LRD group had higher tolerance and satisfaction levels than patients in the 2-day LRD group. However, overall satisfaction was higher with the 1-day LRD group than with the 2-day LRD group.

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