Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 168-174

Supragastric belching: Pathogenesis, diagnostic issues and treatment


1 Second Medical Department, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2 Department of Psychiatry, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3 Faculty of Dental Medicine, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
4 Division of Gastroenterology of the University of Verona, AOUI Verona, Verona, Italy
5 Department of Anatomy, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Teodora Surdea-Blaga
2nd Medical Department, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Marginasa Street, number 29B, Cluj-Napoca
Romania
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjg.sjg_405_21

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Belching is defined as an audible escape of air from the esophagus or the stomach into the pharynx. It becomes pathologic if it is excessive and becomes bothersome. According to Rome IV diagnostic criteria, there is a belching disorder when one experiences bothersome belching (severe enough to impact on usual activities) more than 3 days a week. Esophageal impedance can differentiate between gastric and supragastric belching. The aim of this review was to provide data on pathogenesis and diagnosis of supragastric belching and study its relationship with gastroesophageal reflux disease and psychological factors. Treatment options for supragastric belching are also presented.


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