Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-52

Acute myocardial infarction post-gastrointestinal bleeding: A clinical dilemma with poor prognosis

1 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
2 Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yuzhen Wei
No. 1 Jianshe Dong Road, ErQi District, Zhengzhou, Henan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjg.sjg_301_22

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Background: Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a severe clinical condition with treatment contradiction and poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of in-hospital mortality in patients with GIB who subsequently suffered from AMI and to explore the potential risk factors for this condition. Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 77 patients diagnosed with GIB, who subsequently suffered from AMI, were enrolled from January 2013 to March 2022. Demographic, laboratory, and clinical data were collected. The in-hospital mortality was the outcome of interest. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the potential risk factors of in-hospital mortality. Results: Among the 77 patients included in this study, 62 (80.52%) were males. The mean age of patients was 65.88 ± 12.15 years, and 48 patients (62.34%) were non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). There were 16 (20.78%) cases of in-hospital deaths. The subjects who died showed higher levels of white blood cell count (13.05 ± 5.76 vs. 9.31 ± 4.07 × 109/L, P = 0.003) and troponin I (TnI) (9.23 ± 9.17 vs. 4.12 ± 5.03 μg/L, P = 0.003). Besides, there were higher proportions of cardiogenic shock (81.25% vs. 26.23%, P < 0.001) and mechanical ventilator usage (75.0% vs. 11.48%, P < 0.001) among the patients who died. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that white blood cell count (odds ratio [OR] 1.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02–1.39, P = 0.030), cardiogenic shock (OR 12.18, 95% CI 3.06–48.39, P = 0.017), and mechanical ventilator usage (OR 7.21, 95% CI 1.28–40.51, P = 0.025) were independently associated with in-hospital mortality. Conclusions: The in-hospital mortality of patients with GIB who subsequently develop AMI is high. White blood cell count, cardiogenic shock, and mechanical ventilator usage are independent predictors of in-hospital mortality.

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