Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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The impact of smartphone applications on bowel preparation, compliance with appointments, cost-effectiveness, and patients' quality of life for the colonoscopy process: A scoping review


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA
2 Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
3 Catholic Health Services of Long Island, Bay Shore, NY, USA
4 Department of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA
5 Montefiore Einstein Innovation Biodesign Training Program; Clinical and Research Innovation, Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center; Department of Allergy and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA

Correspondence Address:
Feyzullah Aksan,
Department of Internal Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, 10467
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjg.sjg_207_22

The aim of this scoping review is to evaluate the impact of smartphone application (SPA) technology in patients undergoing elective colonoscopy to measure compliance with appointments, cost-effectiveness, bowel preparation, and quality of life. The scoping review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews. Ovid Medline, Web of Science, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and PubMed were screened up to Oct 14, 2020, and bibliographies of the retrieved articles were included. Based on pre-specified inclusion and exclusion criteria, 8 primary studies were included in the final analysis from a total of 3,979 non-duplicate articles. Seven out of eight studies measured the bowel preparation quality. In six of these studies, patients in the smartphone group had a successful bowel preparation when compared with the control arm; on the other hand, one study did not find any differences between groups. Adherence to colonoscopy screening was assessed by one study. Patients in the digital intervention arm were significantly more likely to complete a screening test. Patient satisfaction during the periprocedural period of colonoscopy was assessed by five studies which reported significantly higher patient satisfaction in the intervention arm compared to the control arm. None of the studies measured cost-effectiveness. We came to the conclusion that a well-designed, user-friendly SPA can help and guide patients undergoing colonoscopy through the process of following up on their appointments, adhering to bowel preparation, and better understanding their disease condition. Future trials investigating SPAs should include cost-effectiveness and adherence to appointments as an endpoint.


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    -  Aksan F
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